Music M656 Listening List

Music M656
Music Since 1900:
Modernism, Tradition, and the Avant-Garde

Spring 2011

Indiana University Jacobs School of Music


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Listening List


To access the recordings through Variations2 directly from this page,
please see instructions below.


Table of Contents


The pieces we will study are listed here by composer in the order in which we will discuss them. You may listen to each piece (1) by using Variations2 or, (2) by checking out the CD on reserve and using a CD player. The most convenient way to listen is through this webpage.

The table below provides the following information for each piece:

Piece/Performers Recording/Scores
Composer (dates)
Title of Piece (year of composition)
  • movements if any
CD call number
disc number, track number (timing)
Performers call number of score(s)

The CD call number and the track number for each selection are links through which you can access Variations2.

Because the listening list is set up with these direct links, you do not need to use the Music Library's reserve page for M656 to access Variations2. The links given here for listening to music online will only work on computers with access to Variations2.

Whether you listen to the CD or through Variations2, listen with the score. For each work, there is at least one score on reserve, and the call numbers or other information are given below. Scores on reserve may be found on the reserve shelves and checked out at the reserve desk. Call numbers beginning M3 indicate volumes from composers' collected works, which circulate for six hours and cannot be put on reserve; you will find them in the stacks on the first floor. There may be other copies in the stacks in addition to those listed here. Scores marked "[on Variations2]" are available online (though some may be too small to be useful).

For vocal works in languages other than English, there are handouts on Oncourse with the texts, translations, and sometimes other information. Be sure to listen with the translation of these works. You might listen to the music once with the translation, and once with score and translation.



Part I: Modernism in Germany and Austria

Piece/Performers Recording/Scores
Week Two
Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951)
"Erwartung" [Expectation] (song), Op. 2, No. 1 (1899)
CD .S365 D.1-2
track 1 (4:13)
Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, baritone, and Aribert Reimann, piano handout: score and translation
Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951)
15 Poems from "The Book of the Hanging Gardens" by Stefan George, Op. 15 (1908-1909)
CD .S365 G7.1-18
tracks 22-23 (3:33) and 29-31 (4:14)
Jan DeGaetani, mezzo-soprano, and Gilbert Kalish, piano M 1621 .S36 G2
handout: texts and translations
Week Three
Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951)
Erwartung [Expectation], a monodrama in one act, Op. 17 (1909), Scenes 1-3 [scene 4 optional]
CD .B493 A.1-22
disc 2, tracks 6-8 (7:31)
[tracks 9-14 optional]
Anja Silja, soprano, and the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Christoph von Dohnányi M 1500 .S365 E7 (full score)
M 1503 .S37 E7 U7 (piano-vocal score)
handout: program note, text, and translation
Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951)
Pierrot lunaire, Op. 21 (1912), Part I (Nos. 1-7) [Parts II-III optional]
CD .S365 G7.1-18
tracks 1-7 (11:45)
[tracks 8-21 optional]
Jan DeGaetani, voice, and The Contemporary Chamber Ensemble, conducted by Arthur Weisberg M 1625 .S36 P6 (miniature score)
M 652 .S24 V3 D6
M 3 .S36 VI/A v.24
handout: program note, text, and translation
Alternate performance:
Helga Pilarczyk, voice, and ensemble directed by Pierre Boulez
CD .S365 G7.1-12
track 1
[tracks 2-3 optional]
Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951)
Klaviersuite [Piano Suite], Op. 25 (1921-23)
  1. Prelude (2:23)
  2. Gavotte and Musette (3:17)
  3. Intermezzo (5:28)
  4. Minuet and Trio (3:53)
  5. Gigue (2:32)
CD .G6965 K1.1
disc 2, tracks 2-7
Glenn Gould, piano (and moans) M 24 .S36 op.25
Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951)
Fourth String Quartet, Op. 37 (1936)
First movement: Allegro molto; Energico
CD ZC4S.5
disc 2, track 5 (9:06)
LaSalle Quartet M 452 .S37 op.37 (miniature score)
M 3 .S36 VI/A v.21
Week Four
Anton Webern (1883-1945)
Three Little Pieces for Violoncello and Piano, Op. 11 (1914)
  1. Mäßige Achtel (0:56)
  2. Sehr bewegt (0:27)
  3. Äußerst ruhig (0:49)
CD .W376 G
disc 1, tracks 41-43
Gregor Piatigorsky, cello, and Charles Rosen, piano M 233 .W376
Anton Webern (1883-1945)
Symphony, Op. 21 (1928)
  1. Ruhig schreitend (6:44)
  2. Variations: Sehr ruhig (3:28)
CD .W376 Ge
tracks 13-14
Berlin Philharmonic, conducted by Herbert von Karajan M 1001 .W376 op. 21 (miniature score)
Alban Berg (1885-1935)
Wozzeck (1917-1922), excerpts
  • Act I, scene 1 (8:53)
  • Act I, scene 3 (9:00)
  • Act III (22:45)
CD .B493 A.1-22
Act I/1: disc 1, tracks 1-2
Act I/3: disc 1, tracks 4-5
Act III: disc 2, tracks 1-5
Heinz Zednik (Captain), Eberhard Waechter (Wozzeck), Horst Laubenthal (Andres), Anja Silja (Marie), Gertrude Jahn (Margret), Vienna Opera Chorus, Vienna Philharmonic, conducted by Christoph von Dohnányi M 1500 .B49 W9 (full score)
M 1503 .B493 W9 (piano-vocal score)
handout: dramatic outline of opera and libretto for these excerpts
You may also wish to view the laser videodisc recording of this opera with a different cast, call number ACZ6208 (also on reserve).
Alban Berg (1885-1935)
Violin Concerto (1935)
  1. Andante; Allegretto (11:31)
  2. Allegro; Adagio (16:12)
CD .B493 G4S1.1-16
tracks 1-2
Anne-Sophie Mutter, violin, and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, conducted by James Levine M 1012 .B49 1964 (miniature score)
M 1013 .B49 (violin/piano)
Week Five
Richard Strauss (1864-1949)
Salome (1903-5), conclusion
CD .S9125 A.1-25
disc 2, tracks 6-10 (21:24)
Cheryl Studer, with the Orchester der Deutschen Oper Berlin, conducted by Giuseppe Sinopoli
[excerpt begins p. 289 of full score, p. 174 of piano-vocal score]
M 1500 .S89 S2 1981 (full)
M 1503 .S896 S2 (piano-vocal) [on Variations2]
handout: plot synopsis and libretto
You may also wish to view the laser videodisc recording of this opera with a different cast, call number ADB8842 (also on reserve).
Richard Strauss (1864-1949)
Ariadne auf Naxos (1916 version), Vorspiel [Prelude]: Beginning (through rehearsal 39)
CD .S9125 A.3-20
tracks 1-3 (14:13)
Hermann Prey (Music Master), Otto Schenk (Major-Domo), Alfred Sramek (Footman), Agnes Baltsa (Composer), Gary Lakes (Tenor), Günter von Kannen (Wig-Maker), Kathleen Battle (Zerbinetta), Anna Tomowa-Sintow (Prima Donna), Heinz Zednik (Dancing Master), with the Vienna Philharmonic, conducted by James Levine M 1500 .S89 A65 (full score) [on Variations2]
M 1503 .S896 A692 (piano-vocal score) [on Variations2]
M 3 .S915 v.6
handout: plot synopsis and libretto
You may also wish to view the laser videodisc recording of this opera with a different cast, call number ADC0158 (also on reserve).
Paul Hindemith (1895-1963)
Kammermusik Nr. 5, Op. 36, No. 4 (1927), for viola and large chamber orchestra: first movement
CD .H662 C.6
disc 2, track 6 (3:59)
Kim Kashkashian, viola, and Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, conducted by Riccardo Chailly M 1014 .H66 op.36 no.4 (miniature score)
Paul Hindemith (1895-1963)
Mathis der Maler, symphony (1934), first movement: Angelic Concert
CD .H662 G.3
track 1 (8:25)
San Francisco Symphony, conducted by Herbert Blomstedt M 1001 .H66 S9 1965 (miniature score)

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Part II: Modernism in Other Nations

Piece/Performers Recording/Scores
Week Six
Claude Debussy (1862-1918)
Nocturnes (1897-1900), first movement: "Nuages" [Clouds]
CD .D289 G2.4-6
track 1 (7:04)
Concertgebouw Orchestra, conducted by Bernard Haitink M 1003 .D28 N7 [on Variations2]
Claude Debussy (1862-1918)
La Mer [The Sea], three symphonic sketches (1903-5)
  1. De l'aube à midi sur la mer [From dawn to noon on the sea] (8:50)
  2. Jeux de vagues [Play of the waves] (6:25)
  3. Dialogue du vent et de la mer [Dialogue of the wind and sea] (8:03)
CD .D289 G.1-2
tracks 5-7
Cleveland Orchestra, conducted by Vladimir Ashkenazy M 1002 .D28 M5 (miniature score)
M 1002 .D28 M5 .P7 (miniature score)
Claude Debussy (1862-1918)
Preludes, Book I (1909-1910), excerpts
  • Voiles (Sails/Veils) (3:50)
  • La Cathédrale engloutie (The sunken cathedral) (5:56)
CD .D289 K1.1-18
track 2 and track 10
Jacques Rouvier, piano M 22 .D25 W8 v.2, pp. 7 and 42
M 25 .D28 P89 W51, pp. 4 and 40
[program notes in preface to 2nd ed]
Alexander Scriabin (1872-1915)
Prelude, Op. 48, No. 1 (1905)
Prelude, Op. 74, No. 3 (1914)
CD .S6296 K1.1-15
track 34 (0:34)
track 46 (0:38)
Paul Komen, piano M 22 .S62 P7
M 22 .S62 S3 v.2
Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971)
The Rite of Spring, ballet (1911-13)
  1. The Adoration of the Earth (14:44)
  2. The Sacrifice (16:48)
CD .S9126 G5
disc 2, tracks 16-29
Columbia Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Igor Stravinsky M 1520 .S91 V4 [on Variations2]
M 1520 .S91 S12 (miniature score)
Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971)
Symphony in C (1939), first movement
CD .S9126 G1.3-3
track 1 (9:23)
L'Orchestre de la Suisse Romande, conducted by Charles Dutoit M 1001 .S915 C 1948
Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971)
The Rake's Progress (1951)
  • Act II, Scene 2: "How strange! Although the heart for love dare everything"
CD .S9126 A.3-16
tracks 15-17 (14:37)
Alexander Young (Tom Rakewell), Judith Raskin (Anne Truelove), Regina Sarfaty (Baba the Turk), The Sadler's Wells Opera Chorus, and the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Igor Stravinsky M 1500 .S9126 R2 (full score)
M 1503 .S91 R16 (piano-vocal score) [on Variations2]
Week Seven
Belá Bartók (1881-1945)
Mikrokosmos (1926, 1932-39), excerpts from Book V and Book VI
  • #123: Staccato and legato (0:55)
  • #141: Subject and reflection (1:15)
  • #148: Six dances in Bulgarian rhythm, No. 1 (1:50)
AGK6158
#123: disc 2, track 27
#141: disc 2, track 45
#148: disc 2, track 52
Jenö Jando, piano M 22 .B292 M6, vols. 5 and 6
MT 243 .B29 M4, vols. 5 and 6
Belá Bartók (1881-1945)
Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta (1936)
  1. Andante tranquillo (7:38)
  2. Allegro (7:46)
  3. Adagio (6:17)
  4. Allegro molto (7:47)
CD .B292 G5.2-3
tracks 9-12
Detroit Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Antal Dorati M 1140 .B29 M9 (miniature score)
Charles Ives (1874-1954)
Symphony No. 3, "The Camp Meeting" (ca. 1907-11)
third movement: Communion: Largo
CD .I95 Ge
track 8 (8:42)
New York Philharmonic, conducted by Leonard Bernstein (performing the old edition) M 1001 .I95 no.3 1990 (new edition)
M 1001 .I95 no.3 (old edition)
Charles Ives (1874-1954)
The Unanswered Question, revised version (1906?, rev. ca. 1935?)
CD .I95 G2.8-2
track 5 (7:13)
Chicago Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Michael Tilson Thomas M 1045 .I95 U5 1985 (new edition)
M 1045 .I95 U5 (old edition)
Charles Ives (1874-1954)
The Fourth of July (1911-13)
CD .I95 G2.8-2
track 3 (6:04)
Chicago Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Michael Tilson Thomas (performing the new critical edition) M 1001 .I95 H63 1992 (new edition)
M 1001 .I95 H63 (old edition)
Week Eight
George Gershwin (1898-1937)
Preludes for Piano (1926)
  1. Allegro ben ritmato e deciso
  2. Andante con moto e poco rubato
  3. Allegro ben ritmato e deciso
CD .G3813 G.7
track 2 (7:11)
Michael Tilson Thomas, piano M 25 .G381 P7
William Grant Still (1895-1978)
Afro-American Symphony (1930), first movement: Moderato assai
CD .S8578 G1.1-2
track 1 (8:17)
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Karl Krueger M 1001 .S85 A2
Ruth Crawford Seeger (1901-1953)
String Quartet (1931)
  1. Rubato assai
  2. Leggiero
  3. Andante
  4. Allegro possibile
CD .A6775 C4 S.1
track 3 (10:23)
Arditti String Quartet M 452 .C89
Aaron Copland (1900-1990)
Piano Variations (1930)
CD .C784 K1.3-2
track 8 (12:28)
James Tocco, piano M 27 .C784 V2 B72
Benjamin Britten (1913-1976)
War Requiem, Op. 66 (1961), excerpts
  1. Requiem aeternam (9:30)
  2. Dies irae (25:42)
CD .B862 D2.1-10
disc 1, tracks 1-2
and tracks 3-11
Galina Vishnevskaya, soprano, Peter Pears, tenor, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, baritone, The Bach Choir and London Symphony Orchestra Chorus, Highgate School Choir, Simon Preston, organ, Melos Ensemble, and London Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Benjamin Britten (original cast/first recording) M 2010 .B862 W2 (miniature score)
M 2013 .B85 (piano-vocal score)
Olivier Messiaen (1908-1992)
Quatuor pour la fin du temps [Quartet for the End of Time] (1940), excerpts
  • I. Liturgie de cristal [Liturgy of crystal]
  • V. Louange à l'Éternité de Jésus [Praise to the Eternity of Jesus]
CD .M585 C4.1-7
track 1 (2:23)
and track 5 (7:41)
Tashi (Peter Serkin, piano; Ida Kavafian, violin; Fred Sherry, cello; Richard Stoltzman, clarinet) M 422 .M48 Q3 (miniature score)

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Part III: The Avant-Garde and Postwar Trends

Piece/Performers Recording/Scores
Week Nine
Erik Satie (1866-1925)
Trois Gymnopédies (1888)
  1. Lent et douloureux (3:08)
  2. Lent et triste (2:25)
  3. Lent et grave (2:06)
CD .S2533 K1.3-2
tracks 1-3
Aldo Ciccolini, piano M 25 .S35 G9
Erik Satie (1866-1925)
Embryons desséchés [Dried-Up Embryos] (1913)
  1. D'Holothurie: Allez un peu (1:39)
  2. D'Edriophthalma: Sonore (1:51)
  3. De Podophthalma: Un peu vif (1:24)
CD .S2533 K1.3-2
tracks 13-15
Aldo Ciccolini, piano M 24 .S253
Virgil Thomson (1896-1990)
Four Saints in Three Acts (1934), opera [libretto by Gertrude Stein]
Act III excerpt: Vision of the Holy Ghost ("Pigeons on the grass alas")
CD .T4855 A.1-4
disc 2, track 5 (12:21)
Arthur Thompson (St. Ignatius), William Brown (St. Chavez), Betty Allen (Commère), Benjamin Matthews (Compère), soloists, chorus, and Orchestra of Our Time, conducted by Joel Thome M 1503 .T484 F7 S3
(read the scenario and look at the pictures of the first production, pp. iii-xiv)
Charles Ives (1874-1954)
Scherzo: All the Way Around and Back (1906)
CD .I95 Ge-4
track 17 (0:55)
Ensemble Modern, conducted by Ingo Metzmacher M 635 .I95 S2
Henry Cowell (1897-1965)
The Tides of Manaunaun (1912)
The Banshee (1925)
CD .C874 K1.2-1
track 1 (2:20)
track 9 (2:20)
Henry Cowell, piano M 22 .C87 D3, pp. 2-3 and 8-9
Week Ten
Edgard Varèse (1883-1965)
Intégrales, for small orchestra and percussion (1924-25)
CD .V296 G.1-7
track 10 (11:35)
New York Philharmonic, conducted by Pierre Boulez M 1045 .V29 I6 1980 (miniature score)
Edgard Varèse (1883-1965)
Poème electronique [Electronic Poem] (1957-58)
CD ZF.L104
track 1 (7:54)
three-track tape (using electronic sounds and recorded or modified voices, piano, bells, percussion, and machine noises) no score
Iannis Xenakis (1922-2001)
Pithoprakta [Actions through Probabilities] (1955-56)
CD .X444 G3.1-1
track 4 (9:45)
Orchestre National de l'ORTF, conducted by Maurice LeRoux M 1045 .X4 P6 (oversize)
Krzysztof Penderecki (b. 1933) [pronounced Kzhish'-tof Pen-de-ret'-skee]
Threnody to the Victims of Hiroshima, for 52 string instruments (1959-60)
CD .P3979 G.6 v.1
disc 2, track 7 (9:05)
National Philharmonic Orchestra in Warsaw, conducted by Witold Rowicki M 1145 .P39 T6 1961
György Ligeti (1923-2006)
Atmosphères (1961)
CD .L7234 G.1-6
track 8 (8:32)
Sinfonie-Orchester des Südwestfunks, Baden-Baden, conducted by Ernest Bour M 1045 .L723 A8
John Cage (1912-1992)
Amores, for prepared piano and percussion (1943)
  1. Solo: prepared piano (1:02)
  2. Trio: nine chinese tom-toms and pod rattle (3:16)
  3. Trio: seven blocks of wood (1:16)
  4. Solo: prepared piano (3:28)
CD .C1313 C1.1
tracks 3-6
Quatuor Helios M 285 .P4 C332
M25 .C13 A5 (miniature score)
John Cage (1912-1992)
Sonatas and Interludes, for prepared piano (1946-1948)
  • Sonata I (2:24)
  • Sonata II (2:01)
  • Sonata III (2:22)
  • Sonata IV (2:16)
  • First Interlude (3:43)
  • Sonata V (1:29)
CD .C1313 K1.1-3
tracks 1-6
Yuji Takahashi, prepared piano M 23 .C13 S6
John Cage (1912-1992)
Etudes Australes (1974-75), No. 1
CD .C1313 K1.4-1
disc 1, track 1 (3:46)
Grete Sultan, piano M 25 .C131 E8 v.1
Milton Babbitt (b. 1916)
Three Compositions for Piano (1947), No. 1
CD .B1122 K1
track 1 (1:25)
Robert Taub, piano M 25 .B111 C5 [on Variations2]
Olivier Messiaen (1908-1992)
Mode de valeurs et d'intensités [Mode of durations and intensities] (1949), from Quatre études de rythme [Four rhythmic studies]
CD .X444 K1.1
track 4 (4:37)
Yuji Takahashi, piano M 25 .M58 E84 1950
Pierre Boulez (b. 1925)
Structures, Book Ia (1952)
ADP8790
tracks 1-3 (3:25)
Alfons and Aloys Kontarsky, pianos M 214 .B76 S2 no.1
Week Eleven
Luciano Berio (1925-2003)
Sinfonia (1968), Section III
CD .B511 D4.1-1
track 3 (12:26)
New Swingle Singers, Orchestre National de France, conducted by Pierre Boulez M 1001 .B474 S5 1968 (oversize), pp. 35-97 [on Variations2]
David Del Tredici (b. 1937)
Final Alice (1976), opening section [text mostly by Lewis Carroll]
LP-S .D3664 D.3-1
side 1, tracks 1-2 (18:00)
Barbara Hendricks, soprano, with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Georg Solti M 1613 .D31 F5, pp. 1-88 [on Variations2]
Steve Reich (b. 1936)
Come Out (1966)
CD .R3478 Ge-1
track 1 (12:54)
eight-track tape no score
Steve Reich (b. 1936)
Tehillim [Psalms], Parts I and II (of four parts) (1981)
CD .R3478 D7.1-3
tracks 1-2 (17:25)
Barbara Borden and Tannie Willemstijn, sopranos, Yvonne Benschop and Ananda Goud, mezzo-sopranos, Schönberg Ensemble, with percussion group The Hague, conducted by Reinbert de Leeuw M 2033 .R4 T4
Steve Reich (b. 1936)
Different Trains (1988), first movement: America--Before the war
CD .R3478 C4S.1
track 1 (8:59)
Kronos Quartet M 452 .R34 D5
Arvo Pärt (b. 1935)
Cantus in memory of Benjamin Britten (1976)
CD .P127 Ge-2
track 2 (5:00)
Staatsorchester Stuttgart, conducted by Dennis Russell Davies M 1145 .P32 C3
John Adams (b. 1947)
Harmonielehre, Part I (of three parts) (1984-85)
CD .A214 G2.1
track 1 (17:03)
San Francisco Symphony, conducted by Edo de Waart M 1045 .A19 H3
Week Twelve
George Crumb (b. 1929)
Makrokosmos, Volume I: Twelve Fantasy-Pieces after the Zodiac for Amplified Piano (1972)
  • Part Three (10:32)
    • 9. The Abyss of Time [Virgo]
    • 10. Spring-Fire [Aries]
    • 11. Dream Images (Love-Death Music) [Gemini]
    • 12. Spiral Galaxy [Aquarius]
CD .C9563 K1
track 2
(start at 19:29 in track 2 and play to end of track)
Jeffrey Jacob, piano M 24 .C94 M3
Ellen Taaffe Zwilich (b. 1939)
Symphony No. 1 [Three Movements for Orchestra] (1983), first movement
CD .Z985 Ge-2
track 1 (6:56)
Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra, conducted by John Nelson M 1001 .Z84 no. 1 [on Variations2]
Joan Tower (b. 1938)
Silver Ladders (1986)
CD .T7375 Ge-1
track 1 (22:26)
Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Leonard Slatkin M 1045 .T73 S6 [on Variations2]
John Corigliano (b. 1938)
Symphony No. 1 (1988-89), first movement: "Apologue: Of Rage and Remembrance"
CD .C7986 G1.1
track 1 (13:56)
Chicago Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Daniel Barenboim M 1001 .C83 no. 1 1990 [on Variations2]

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