Z202/History of Rock Music II: Rock's Classic Era

Dr. Glenn Gass
Professor of Music
Music in General Studies Department

Z202 is a history and appreciation of the musical and social trends of the 1960's. The course begins with the Beatles and the 1964 British Invasion that signaled the arrival of rock's second generation, then moves on to the other major mid-sixties figures, including Bob Dylan, the Byrds, the Beach Boys and the long list of great soul and Motown singers. The latter part of the course looks at the musical explosion and social upheaval of the late 1960's, with a special emphasis on Jimi Hendrix, Eric Clapton, Jimmy Page and other Guitar Heroes, San Francisco psychedelia, hard rock, art-rock, singer-songwriters and enduring visionaries like Neil Young, Van Morrison and Lou Reed. Z202 is enhanced by an extensive series of multimedia lecture companions created by Glenn Gass, Project Coordinator Kathryn Propst and the staff of the Indiana Univeristy Teaching and Learning Technologies Centers (TLTC).

Instructor: Dr. Glenn Gass, Sycamore 139, 855-9460; Email: gass@indiana.edu

Course Information

Required Text: DeCurtis, ed., The Rolling Stone Illustrated History of Rock & Roll

Required Listening: on reserve at the School of Music Library. Instructions are available online for using the reserve listening at the School of Music Library, as is information on the new Variations2 system.

The required listening is available in the School of Music Library, via the class reserves link, at any of the computer listening stations. The listening is also available to download via the course webpage. (Access is limited to enrolled students only and is password protected.)

Class attendance is required; pop quizzes will be given and will effect your grade.

The course grade will be determined by three exams (dates below) and pop quiz scores.

No make-ups will be given without a valid and documented excuse. However, a comprehensive make-up exam will be offered immediately following the final exam. The make-up exam will include written and listening questions from all segments of the course. The make-up exam is required for anyone who must miss an exam and is optional for everyone else. The make-up exam will take the place of an exam with a lower score and cannot hurt your grade. (If it is the lowest score it will simply not count.)

The course grade is determined entirely by the results of the best three scores out if the four exams (including the comprehensive make-up). The grading scale is fixed and must remain so in a class this size in the interest of fairness. All requests to "round up" a score will be regretfully declined. The grading scale is:

The use of laptops, cell phones & texting has proven to be distracting and is not allowed during class.

Please see course syllabus for assignments, test dates and other semester-specific information.

Note: apologies for all of the dead links! The website might updated one of these days...

Week 1

THE BRITISH INVASION: overview of the unexpected reincarnation of American rock & roll in the guise of English rock bands.

THE BEATLES: A new standard of excellence for rock and pop music and songwriting.
Early years, Beatlemania and a new fusion of rock & pop, big beat & melody, songwriting & performing...

LISTENING: Tapes 1a and 1b.

READING: Rolling Stone Illustrated History of Rock & Roll (R.S.) ch. 30 and 31.

Week 2

THE BEATLES: The touring years through Sgt. Pepper to the breakup. The band's astonishing creative growth and the constantly evolving songwriting styles of Lennon & McCartney. The Beatles and George Martin in the studio: Rock becomes Art. The Beatles as a microcosm of the 1960's.

LISTENING: Tapes 1a and 1b.

READING: R.S. ch. 30 and 31.

Week 3

THE ROLLING STONES: The World's Greatest Rock & Roll Band. London's blues "underground" and apprenticeship under Alexis Korner. Early Stones blues and soul covers and the Jagger & Richards songwriting partnership. Mick Jagger as ultimate Pop Star and frontman, Keith Richards as rock Hero and Human Riff. The Stones' rock & roll legacy.

Visit some Rolling Stones sites in England.


READING: R.S. ch. 32.

Week 4

THE BRITISH INVASION: The Kinks, The Who, and the London Mod scene. Power chords to rock operas: early garage band classics and the expanding world views of Pete Townshend and Ray Davies.

British pop-rock, blues and psychedelic bands. Eric Burdon & the Animals, Them, The Yardbirds, John Mayall's Bluesbreakers; Gerry & the Pacemakers, Dave Clark Five, Hollies, Small Faces, Troggs...

LISTENING: Tapes 2b and 3a.

READING: R.S. ch. 29, 54 and 55.

Week 5

THE BEACH BOYS: California as the Promised Land: Chuck Berry's mythic vision of teenage life transplanted to the beach. Brian Wilson's artistic vision, influences and increasingly elaborate productions: Pet Sounds, "Good Vibrations," the aborted Smile project and Brian's descent.


READING: R.S. ch. 28.

Week 6

MOTOWN: "Hitsville USA" and the Sound of Young America. Berry Gordy and the founding of Motown as a stellar example of the Dream. Holland-Dozier-Holland and Motown's hitmaking assembly line and the Motown Formula: the songwriter/producers, arrangers, house band, choreographers and the incredible Motown artist roster.

LISTENING: Tapes 4a and 4b.

READING: R.S. ch. 37 and 38.

Week 7

SOUL MUSIC: Southern and Gospel roots and links to the Church and the Civil Rights movement. Atlantic Records and Stax/Volt: Memphis and Muscle Shoals Fame studio and house bands. Aretha Franklin, the Queen of Soul. The Rascals and "Blue-eyed soul." Curtis Mayfield and the Impressions. Philly Soul. Al Green and Hi Records.


READING: R.S. ch. 23, 25, 34, 35, 36, 44, 72, 73.

Week 8

JAMES BROWN & FUNK: the Godfather of Soul and the roots of funk, disco, rap... King Records. The Isley Brothers. Sly & the Family Stone and psychedelic soul. George Clinton & Parliament/ Funkadelic.

BOB DYLAN: Early years as a folk-protest singer. The Folk music boom.

LISTENING: Tapes 5b and 6a.

READING: R.S. ch. 24, 60, 74.

Week 9

BOB DYLAN: "Great Art on a Jukebox." The dramatic expansion of rock's lyrical and poetic possibilities and rock's emergence, via Bob Dylan, as a vehicle for true personal expression. The classic electric era and Dylan's transition from "conscience of a generation" to rock & roll Bohemian and reclusive icon.

Visit Bob Dylan sites in Minnesota.

LISTENING: Tapes 6a and 6b.

READING: R.S. ch. 39.

Spring Break

Week 10

FOLK-ROCK: New York/Greenwich Village and Los Angeles: Dylan covers and Dylan-influenced lyrics with a new range of expression with a new emphasis on realism and relevance. Ex-folkies turned rockers: The Byrds, Simon & Garfunkel, the Lovin' Spoonful, the Mamas & Papas, the Turtles, Donovan...


READING: R.S. ch. 40, 41, 42

Week 11

LOS ANGELES: L. A. rock & pop. The Sunset Strip scene: The Byrds, the Doors, Buffalo Springfield, the Turtles, Paul Revere & The Raiders...
Buffalo Springfield and the "supergroup" aesthetic, emphasizing individual expressions over band unity. Jim Morrison and Rock as dark Theater. Pop/avant-garde extremes: Tommy James & the Shondells and the Monkees and the Frank Zappa & the Mothers of Invention... Progressive rock in L.A. and N.Y.: the Mothers of Invention, Captain Beefheart & the Magic Band, Spirit, Love...

Meanwhile in New York... The Velvet Underground and the roots of punk.


READING: R.S. Ch. 47, 48, 53, 63, 69.

Week 12

San Francisco & psychedelia: The Monterey Pop Festival, Haight-Ashbury, the 1967 Summer of Love and the emerging Counterculture. Rock concerts become Happenings and rock's possibilities expand as the underground hits the mainstream in an unprecedented era of artistic freedom. The Charlatons, The Grateful Dead, the Jefferson Airplane, Janis Joplin, Quicksilver Messenger Service, Santana, Country Joe & the Fish, Steve Miller...

LISTENING: Tapes 8a.

READING: R.S. Ch. 49, 50, 51, 52.

Week 13

JIMI HENDRIX, ERIC CLAPTON & the Blues Revival: The blues extended and the guitar redefined with a new virtuosity. Jimi Hendrix' blues-based, sound-drenched psychedelic excursions; Hendrix at the dawn of rock's Modern Era. Eric Clapton's blues & pop odyssey, from the Yardbirds through the Bluesbreakers, Cream, Blind Faith, Derek & the Dominos and solo career. Paul Butterfield Blues Band, Canned Heat, Ten Years After, Humble Pie, Savoy Brown... The Yardbirds legacy: Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck, Jimmy Page, Led Zeppelin and the birth of Heavy Metal.

LISTENING: Tapes 8b.

READING: R.S. ch. 46, 56, 57, 64, 65, 66.

Week 14

ROOTS ROCK, HARD ROCK, PROGRESSIVE ROCK & ART ROCK in Britain and America: away from Sgt. Pepper and into the seventies.
Stevie Winwood: Spencer Davis Group, Blind Faith and Traffic.
Van Morrison, Joe Cocker, Rod Stewart & Faces, Elton John, T-Rex...
U.K. Art Rock: Pink Floyd, Procol Harum, Moody Blues, Emerson, Lake & Palmer, Yes, Jethro Tull, David Bowie...

Hard rock in America: Iron Butterfly, Steppenwolf, Mountain
The MC5, Iggy Pop & the Stooges, Alice Cooper, the James Gang, Grand Funk Railroad and rock in the Heartland.
Allman Brothers, Lynyrd Skynyrd & Southern rock.
Blood, Sweat & Tears, Chicago & jazz/fusion influences.

LISTENING: Tape 9a and 9b.

READING: R.S. ch. 58, 59, 62, 70, 71, 75, 76.

Week 15

BACK TO THE GARDEN: The Woodstock Nation. American roots, East & West: The Band and Creedence Clearwater Revival.
The Singer-Songwriter aesthetic, the era of the Individual and the original "Unplugged." Music as soul-baring self-expression and instruction manual for life and love. Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young as archetypes of the turn inward balanced by utopian activism. James Taylor, Joni Mitchell, Carole King, Neil Young, Jackson Browne, Cat Stevens, Randy Newman.
The Eagles, Linda Ronstadt, Fleetwood Mac and Southern California mellow..

The epic journeys of Van Morrison, Neil Young and Bruce Springsteen. Overview of the 1970's and the Punk revolt.

LISTENING: Tapes 10a and 10b.

READING: R.S. ch. 43, 61, 67, 68, 77, 78, 80, 81, 83.

Some Rock History encounters, including IU Honorary Degree recipients John Mellencamp and Booker T. Jones: